The steam turbine is a type of heat engine, capable of harnessing thermal energy from pressurized steam in order to drive an output shaft. Through the process of generating rotary motion, steam turbines are quite efficient in operating electrical generators for power production, so much so that they account for nearly 85% of all electricity generation in the United States. With their grand importance to the production of electricity, having an understanding of the working principle and functions of a steam turbine can be very useful.


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The landing procedure for aircraft is complex, requiring pilots to undertake a number of flight maneuvers before they can shut-off the engines and finalize an operation. The landing procedure consists of multiple steps, and pilots have created terms for each phase starting from the landing approach to the final runway rollout. In order to carry out a successful and “perfect” landing, a pilot must achieve a soft touch down while traveling only slightly above stall speed, all while maintaining a nose-up attitude. To meet these requirements, pilots must be fully aware of each landing phase and how to properly execute it.


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Gyroscopes are the key part of any inertial navigation system. They were invented more than a century ago and are used as a reference point to understand the inertial point of a moving body. From small ships to advanced spacecraft, quality gyroscopes have proven to play a major factor in the performance of a mission. In many cases, the gyroscope has been a ‘make or break’ device. As gyroscopes have evolved, so too have their applications. They have a vast and diverse array of applications, ranging from monitoring the orientation of an aircraft, or guiding an unmanned aircraft during flight, to stabilizing the frames of a camera. Other areas where gyroscopes are used include ballistic missiles, guiding the process of building runnels, fire control systems, satellite navigation, and more.


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For a pilot to efficiently direct an aircraft through all stages of flight, they rely on various flight control systems and devices. Flight controls are what allow a pilot to manipulate the attitude and flight path of an aircraft, and they are made up of various primary and secondary flight controls. With all controls permitting the governance over various aerodynamic factors that affect flight, it is paramount that pilots are very familiar with each tool available to them and how they may be used for achieving control over the aircraft. In this blog, we will discuss the more common flight control systems present on aircraft, allowing you to familiarize yourself with how they function and are used.


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Whether for landing or for traversing across a runway, aircraft of all types rely on their landing gear equipment to carry out most ground-based operations. Due to the impact forces of landing and the gear’s role in supporting the load of the aircraft, various landing gear types may be used to accommodate aircraft and ensure their safety and integrity. In this blog, we will discuss the most common types of landing gear equipment featured across aircraft, allowing you to become more familiar with such assemblies.


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IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 1394 is an interface standard for serial bus high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer. This standard was developed in the 1980s and 1990s through a joint effort led by Apple and supplemented by help from companies such as Sony and Panasonic. Aside from IEEE 1394, the interface has been given a number of names based on the company using it. For example, Sony called it i.Link, and Texas Instruments called it Lynx. However, its most recognizable name came from Apple, who called it the FireWire. In this blog, we will discuss the many types of FireWire connectors and their differences.


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Bearings are a critical fastener used throughout the aerospace, defense, and other industries. They have a wide range of uses and therefore come in many types. The primary types of bearings are ball bearings, cylindrical roller bearings, tapered roller bearings, and needle bearings. Ball bearings are the most commonly used, but each type offers its own benefits and drawbacks. This blog will cover each of the four main types of bearings as well as their advantages and disadvantages.


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Since the emergence of rotorcraft and helicopters, the diversity of aviation operations has been greatly increased due to the ability to hover, conduct vertical take off and landings, operate in confined spaces, and more. For the operation of helicopters, reciprocating and turbine engines may be used to drive the rotary blades and achieve heavier-than-air flight. As the components and capabilities of each engine vary, choosing the correct type for your helicopter often depends on the application and structural components of the vehicle. In this blog, we will discuss the main helicopter power systems, allowing you to have a better understanding of both powerplant types.


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The main components of an aircraft are the fuselage, wings, power plant, landing gear, and empennage, each of which takes on an important role in the construction and operation of the aircraft. The fuselage is the main body of an aircraft, where the cabin, crew, and passengers reside. The wings, also known as foils, generate the lifting force necessary for flight. The power plant is made up by the engines and propellers, and the landing gear, which comprises wheels and shock absorbers, is critical for safe landing. The final main component, the empennage, is the tail assembly at the rear of an aircraft. This blog will cover in detail the parts and functions of the empennage.


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Whether an aircraft is in flight, on the ground, or taxiing, most require some sort of electrical power generation in order to operate electrical systems such as the NAV radio, intercoms, and transponder, Depending on the type of aircraft and its electrical needs, a number of methods may be used for power generation, ranging from batteries to alternators. In this blog, we will discuss the most common sources of aircraft power generation, allowing you to better understand how the electrical systems of aircraft are provided power. 


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